The Rebirth Of Somaliland (19): Somaliland-Somalia Talks

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The Rebirth Of Somaliland (18): Quest For International Recognition

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The Rebirth Of Somaliland (16): The Peace Building And Reconciliation – Somaliland Style

By Dr. Hussein Mohamed Nur
Immediately after defeating the government troops and capturing of the entire regions of the North, the SNM administration embarked on initiating processes of reconciliation to settle outstanding scores of differences between the different clans in Somaliland. Continue reading “The Rebirth Of Somaliland (16): The Peace Building And Reconciliation – Somaliland Style”

The Rebirth Of Somaliland (15): Crimes Against Humanity In Somaliland

By Dr. Hussein Mohamed Nur
Who were the culprits?
Crimes against humanity are deliberate acts taken as part of a systematic campaign that accuses human suffering or death on a large scale. Crimes against humanity are any specific acts deliberately committed as part of a widespread or systematic attack directed against any civilian or against an identifiable part of a civilian population. Continue reading “The Rebirth Of Somaliland (15): Crimes Against Humanity In Somaliland”

The Rebirth Of Somaliland (14): The Somali Government’s Responses To The SNM Invasion

By Dr. Hussein Mohamed Nur

In the preceding part (13) of this series, the surprise invasion of the SNM after the peace accord between Barre and Mengistu was detailed. The knee-jerk response of reaction of the government troops to that is discussed in this part. Continue reading “The Rebirth Of Somaliland (14): The Somali Government’s Responses To The SNM Invasion”

The Rebirth Of Somaliland (13): How The SNM Invaded The North

By Dr. Hussein Mohamed Nur

This part is about the dynamics of SNM’s ‘operation liberation’ effort of the North from occupied troops of Siyad Barre’s the dictatorial regime. Continue reading “The Rebirth Of Somaliland (13): How The SNM Invaded The North”

The Rebirth Of Somaliland (12): The Peace Accord Between Barre And Mengistu – The Deal And Its Implications

By Dr. Hussein Mohamed Nur

Siyad Barre tried different tactics to pacify his political impasse and weaken the SNM and oppositions. To defuse tension, Barre ordered the release of numerous civil servants, top officials and businessmen incarcerated in the jails, lifted the state emergency and curfews in the North and announced an amnesty for all Somali exiles and whoever wanted to return home. Continue reading “The Rebirth Of Somaliland (12): The Peace Accord Between Barre And Mengistu – The Deal And Its Implications”

The Rebirth Of Somaliland (11): Scorched Earth Policy In The North And The Letter Of Death

Dr. Hussein Mohamed Nur

Throughout the 1980s a scorched earth policy was effectively in place in the whole of the Northern regions (Somaliland). Continue reading “The Rebirth Of Somaliland (11): Scorched Earth Policy In The North And The Letter Of Death”

The Rebirth Of Somaliland (10): The Gezira Beach Atrocity (The Massacre Of The Northern Youth)

Dr. Hussein Mohamed Nur

In the late 1980s, people of Somaliland origin living in the south (Somalia), especially in Mogadishu, were mostly civil servants, businessmen, traders, students etc. Continue reading “The Rebirth Of Somaliland (10): The Gezira Beach Atrocity (The Massacre Of The Northern Youth)”

The Rebirth of Somaliland (9): Hargeisa Group Hospital (The UFO Group)

By Dr. Hussein Mohamed Nur

In the 1980s during the era of military dictatorship under Siyad Barre, Law No. 54 of September 1970 was an instrument irresponsibly operational used by the security. It contained articles related to the “protection of national security”, “crimes against the state” and mandatory death penalty. Continue reading “The Rebirth of Somaliland (9): Hargeisa Group Hospital (The UFO Group)”

The Rebirth of Somaliland (8): The Epoch Of Military Dictatorship And The Repression Of The North

By Dr. Hussein Mohamed Nur

Abdulrashid Ali Shermarke was elected as President of Somali Republic on 15 October 1967. Mohamed Haji Ibrahim Egal became the Prime Minister. Continue reading “The Rebirth of Somaliland (8): The Epoch Of Military Dictatorship And The Repression Of The North”

The Rebirth of Somaliland (7): Operation Birjeex (SNM Rescue Unit)

By Dr. Hussein Mohamed Nur

The SNM had strong networks of cells operating inside the country. The principal goal was to facilitate operations and support networks for the movement. Continue reading “The Rebirth of Somaliland (7): Operation Birjeex (SNM Rescue Unit)”

The Rebirth of Somaliland (6): The SNM Liberation Struggle And Tactical Operations

By Dr. Hussein Mohamed Nur

It took almost a decade for the SNM to liberate Somaliland from Barre dictatorship. The SNM chairmanship changed four times during that period: Ahmed Mohamed Guleid (Jimale) (1981-1982); Sheikh Yusuf Sheikh Ali Sheikh Madar (1982-1983); Continue reading “The Rebirth of Somaliland (6): The SNM Liberation Struggle And Tactical Operations”

SNM

The Rebirth Of Somaliland (5): The Formation Of The SNM And Liberation Struggle

By Dr. Hussein Nur

Somalia’s relationship with the Soviet Union ruptured abruptly and was brought to a sudden halt during the 1977/78 Somali-Ethiopian. Continue reading “The Rebirth Of Somaliland (5): The Formation Of The SNM And Liberation Struggle”

The Rebirth Of Somaliland (4): The 1961 Aborted Military Coup

By Dr. Hussein M Nur

Despite the serious concerns described in the previous part and as articulated in poetic styles, the government did not address them the issues and the Somaliland politicians were unable to rectify the distorted situation. But the widespread dissent and injustices paved grounds for the rise dissidence. Continue reading “The Rebirth Of Somaliland (4): The 1961 Aborted Military Coup”

The Rebirth Of Somaliland (3) – Northern Mistrusts And Discontents: Origins And Emergence Of Early Signs

This part follows the previous parts involving major discrepancies of the union process and fallacies, legal loopholes and technical mistakes in the Act of Union. This is a close shave look at the origins of mistrusts, discontents and dissatisfactions of the people of Somaliland origin (politicians and public alike) after the speedy formation of the loose union. Continue reading “The Rebirth Of Somaliland (3) – Northern Mistrusts And Discontents: Origins And Emergence Of Early Signs”

The Rebirth Of Somaliland (2): The Process Of The Union And The Act Of Union

This part is about the process of unification between the independent states of Somaliland and Somalia and the fallacies, technical mistakes and legal loopholes in the so-called Act of Union involved. Continue reading “The Rebirth Of Somaliland (2): The Process Of The Union And The Act Of Union”

The Rebirth Of Somaliland (1): History of Somaliland

By Dr. Hussein Mohamed Nur

“History is past politics, and politics is present history” (E.A.Freeman, 1886).

This is a brief account of the history of Somaliland from a historical perspective. The history of Somaliland is peculiarly different from the history of Somalia. Continue reading “The Rebirth Of Somaliland (1): History of Somaliland”