The Rebirth Of Somaliland (18): Quest For International Recognition

Continue reading “The Rebirth Of Somaliland (18): Quest For International Recognition”

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The Rebirth Of Somaliland (17): An Inspiration Of Democracy And Pluralism In Africa

In comparison with most of Africa, Somaliland has accomplished the principles and tools of good governance and successful pluralistic democracy. Continue reading The Rebirth Of Somaliland (17): An Inspiration Of Democracy And Pluralism In Africa

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State-Making At Gunpoint: The Role Of Violent Conflict In Somaliland’s March To Statehood

The role of war in processes of state-making has long been hotly disputed. Although generally considered an African ‘success story’, the case of Somaliland, whose unilateral declaration of independence was embedded in violent conflict, may be instructive. Continue reading State-Making At Gunpoint: The Role Of Violent Conflict In Somaliland’s March To Statehood

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Ethiopia, Berbera Port And The Shifting Balance Of Power In The Horn Of Africa

Upon Eritrean independence in 1993, Ethiopia became landlocked and therefore dependent on neighbors – especially Djibouti – for access to international markets. This dependency has hampered Ethiopia’s aspiration to emerge as the uncontested regional power in the Horn of Africa. Continue reading Ethiopia, Berbera Port And The Shifting Balance Of Power In The Horn Of Africa

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International Observation Mission To Somaliland’s 2017 Presidential Election Launches Final Report

The international election observation mission (IEOM) to the poll on 13 November 2017 today releases its final report, entitled “The limits of consensus?”. Continue reading International Observation Mission To Somaliland’s 2017 Presidential Election Launches Final Report

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Somaliland: DP World The Road To Re-Recognition

By Abdulaziz Al-Mutairi

The latest UN Report on Somalia (Ex-South Somali Republic), highlighted that Mogadishu administration needs at least another ten years to go out of current chaos. The international community spent about $7 billion on stabilizing ‘Somalia’ until now, and many peacekeepers lost their lives. Continue reading “Somaliland: DP World The Road To Re-Recognition”

The Rebirth Of Somaliland (16): The Peace Building And Reconciliation – Somaliland Style

By Dr. Hussein Mohamed Nur
Immediately after defeating the government troops and capturing of the entire regions of the North, the SNM administration embarked on initiating processes of reconciliation to settle outstanding scores of differences between the different clans in Somaliland. Continue reading “The Rebirth Of Somaliland (16): The Peace Building And Reconciliation – Somaliland Style”

The Rebirth Of Somaliland (15): Crimes Against Humanity In Somaliland

By Dr. Hussein Mohamed Nur
Who were the culprits?
Crimes against humanity are deliberate acts taken as part of a systematic campaign that accuses human suffering or death on a large scale. Crimes against humanity are any specific acts deliberately committed as part of a widespread or systematic attack directed against any civilian or against an identifiable part of a civilian population. Continue reading “The Rebirth Of Somaliland (15): Crimes Against Humanity In Somaliland”

The Rebirth Of Somaliland (14): The Somali Government’s Responses To The SNM Invasion

By Dr. Hussein Mohamed Nur

In the preceding part (13) of this series, the surprise invasion of the SNM after the peace accord between Barre and Mengistu was detailed. The knee-jerk response of reaction of the government troops to that is discussed in this part. Continue reading “The Rebirth Of Somaliland (14): The Somali Government’s Responses To The SNM Invasion”

The Rebirth Of Somaliland (13): How The SNM Invaded The North

By Dr. Hussein Mohamed Nur

This part is about the dynamics of SNM’s ‘operation liberation’ effort of the North from occupied troops of Siyad Barre’s the dictatorial regime. Continue reading “The Rebirth Of Somaliland (13): How The SNM Invaded The North”

The Rebirth Of Somaliland (12): The Peace Accord Between Barre And Mengistu – The Deal And Its Implications

By Dr. Hussein Mohamed Nur

Siyad Barre tried different tactics to pacify his political impasse and weaken the SNM and oppositions. To defuse tension, Barre ordered the release of numerous civil servants, top officials and businessmen incarcerated in the jails, lifted the state emergency and curfews in the North and announced an amnesty for all Somali exiles and whoever wanted to return home. Continue reading “The Rebirth Of Somaliland (12): The Peace Accord Between Barre And Mengistu – The Deal And Its Implications”

The Rebirth Of Somaliland (11): Scorched Earth Policy In The North And The Letter Of Death

Dr. Hussein Mohamed Nur

Throughout the 1980s a scorched earth policy was effectively in place in the whole of the Northern regions (Somaliland). Continue reading “The Rebirth Of Somaliland (11): Scorched Earth Policy In The North And The Letter Of Death”

Somaliland: The Horn Of Africa’s Breakaway State

The would-be independent state strikes a contrast with Somalia as a place of relative peace and democratic stability, but international recognition has remained out of reach. Continue reading “Somaliland: The Horn Of Africa’s Breakaway State”

The Rebirth Of Somaliland (10): The Gezira Beach Atrocity (The Massacre Of The Northern Youth)

Dr. Hussein Mohamed Nur

In the late 1980s, people of Somaliland origin living in the south (Somalia), especially in Mogadishu, were mostly civil servants, businessmen, traders, students etc. Continue reading “The Rebirth Of Somaliland (10): The Gezira Beach Atrocity (The Massacre Of The Northern Youth)”

The Rebirth of Somaliland (9): Hargeisa Group Hospital (The UFO Group)

By Dr. Hussein Mohamed Nur

In the 1980s during the era of military dictatorship under Siyad Barre, Law No. 54 of September 1970 was an instrument irresponsibly operational used by the security. It contained articles related to the “protection of national security”, “crimes against the state” and mandatory death penalty. Continue reading “The Rebirth of Somaliland (9): Hargeisa Group Hospital (The UFO Group)”

The Rebirth of Somaliland (8): The Epoch Of Military Dictatorship And The Repression Of The North

By Dr. Hussein Mohamed Nur

Abdulrashid Ali Shermarke was elected as President of Somali Republic on 15 October 1967. Mohamed Haji Ibrahim Egal became the Prime Minister. Continue reading “The Rebirth of Somaliland (8): The Epoch Of Military Dictatorship And The Repression Of The North”

The Rebirth of Somaliland (7): Operation Birjeex (SNM Rescue Unit)

By Dr. Hussein Mohamed Nur

The SNM had strong networks of cells operating inside the country. The principal goal was to facilitate operations and support networks for the movement. Continue reading “The Rebirth of Somaliland (7): Operation Birjeex (SNM Rescue Unit)”

The Rebirth of Somaliland (6): The SNM Liberation Struggle And Tactical Operations

By Dr. Hussein Mohamed Nur

It took almost a decade for the SNM to liberate Somaliland from Barre dictatorship. The SNM chairmanship changed four times during that period: Ahmed Mohamed Guleid (Jimale) (1981-1982); Sheikh Yusuf Sheikh Ali Sheikh Madar (1982-1983); Continue reading “The Rebirth of Somaliland (6): The SNM Liberation Struggle And Tactical Operations”